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Function MAP-INTO


map-into result-sequence function &rest sequences => result-sequence

Arguments and Values:

result-sequence---a proper sequence.

function---a designator for a function of as many arguments as there are sequences.

sequence---a proper sequence.


Destructively modifies result-sequence to contain the results of applying function to each element in the argument sequences in turn.

result-sequence and each element of sequences can each be either a list or a vector. If result-sequence and each element of sequences are not all the same length, the iteration terminates when the shortest sequence (of any of the sequences or the result-sequence) is exhausted. If result-sequence is a vector with a fill pointer, the fill pointer is ignored when deciding how many iterations to perform, and afterwards the fill pointer is set to the number of times function was applied. If result-sequence is longer than the shortest element of sequences, extra elements at the end of result-sequence are left unchanged. If result-sequence is nil, map-into immediately returns nil, since nil is a sequence of length zero.

If function has side effects, it can count on being called first on all of the elements with index 0, then on all of those numbered 1, and so on.


 (setq a (list 1 2 3 4) b (list 10 10 10 10)) =>  (10 10 10 10)
 (map-into a #'+ a b) =>  (11 12 13 14)
 a =>  (11 12 13 14)
 b =>  (10 10 10 10)
 (setq k '(one two three)) =>  (ONE TWO THREE)
 (map-into a #'cons k a) =>  ((ONE . 11) (TWO . 12) (THREE . 13) 14)
 (map-into a #'gensym) =>  (#:G9090 #:G9091 #:G9092 #:G9093)
 a =>  (#:G9090 #:G9091 #:G9092 #:G9093)

Affected By: None.

Exceptional Situations:

Should be prepared to signal an error of type type-error if result-sequence is not a proper sequence. Should be prepared to signal an error of type type-error if sequence is not a proper sequence.

See Also: None.


map-into differs from map in that it modifies an existing sequence rather than creating a new one. In addition, map-into can be called with only two arguments, while map requires at least three arguments.

map-into could be defined by:

 (defun map-into (result-sequence function &rest sequences)
   (loop for index below (apply #'min 
                                (length result-sequence)
                                (mapcar #'length sequences))
         do (setf (elt result-sequence index)
                  (apply function
                         (mapcar #'(lambda (seq) (elt seq index))

The following X3J13 cleanup issue, not part of the specification, applies to this section:

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