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13.1.6 Ordering of Characters

The total ordering on characters is guaranteed to have the following properties:

* If two characters have the same implementation-defined attributes, then their ordering by char< is consistent with the numerical ordering by the predicate < on their code attributes.

* If two characters differ in any attribute, then they are not char=.

* The total ordering is not necessarily the same as the total ordering on the integers produced by applying char-int to the characters.

* While alphabetic[1] standard characters of a given case must obey a partial ordering, they need not be contiguous; it is permissible for uppercase and lowercase characters to be interleaved. Thus (char<= #\a x #\z) is not a valid way of determining whether or not x is a lowercase character.

Of the standard characters, those which are alphanumeric obey the following partial ordering:

 either 9<A or Z<0
 either 9<a or z<0                                                      
This implies that, for standard characters, alphabetic[1] ordering holds within each case (uppercase and lowercase), and that the numeric characters as a group are not interleaved with alphabetic characters. However, the ordering or possible interleaving of uppercase characters and lowercase characters is implementation-defined.

The following X3J13 cleanup issue, not part of the specification, applies to this section:

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