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5.2 Button panel classes

This section discusses the immediate subclasses of choice which can be used to build button panels. If you have a group of several buttons, you can use the appropriate button-panel element to specify them all as a group, rather than using push-button or check-button to specify each one separately. There are three such elements altogether: push-button-panel, check-button-panel and radio-button-panel. The specifics of each are discussed below.

5.2.1 Push button panels

The arrangement of a number of push buttons into one group can be done with a push-button-panel. Since this provides a panel of buttons which do not maintain a selection when the user clicks on them, push-button-panel is a choice that does not allow a selection. When a button is activated it causes a :selection-callback, but the button does not maintain the selected state.

Here is an example of a push button panel:

(setq push-button-panel
      (make-instance 'push-button-panel
                     :items '(one two three four five)
                     :selection-callback 'test-callback
                     :print-function 'string-capitalize))
(contain push-button-panel)

A push button panel

The layout of a button panel (for instance, whether items are listed vertically or horizontally) can be specified using the :layout-class keyword. This can take two values: 'column-layout if you wish buttons to be listed vertically, and 'row-layout if you wish them to be listed horizontally. The default value is 'row-layout. If you define your own layout classes, you can also use these as values to :layout-class. Layouts, which apply to many other CAPI objects, are discussed in detail in 6 Laying Out CAPI Panes.

5.2.2 Radio button panels

A group of radio buttons (a group of buttons of which only one at a time can be selected) is created with the radio-button-panel class. Here is an example of a radio button panel:

(setq radio (make-instance 'radio-button-panel
                :items (list 1 2 3 4 5)
                :selection-callback 'test-callback))
(contain radio)

A radio button panel

5.2.3 Check button panels

A group of check buttons can be created with the check-button-panel class. Any number of check buttons can be selected.

Here is an example of a check button panel:

  :items '("Red" "Green" "Blue")))

A check button panel

5.2.4 Mnemonics in button panels

On Windows and GTK+ you can specify the mnemonics (underlined letters) in a button panel with the :mnemonics initarg, for example:

 (make-instance 'push-button-panel
                :items '(one two three many)
                :mnemonics '(#\O #\T #\E :none)
                :print-function 'string-capitalize))

Notice that the value :none removes the mnemonic.

5.2.5 Programming button panels

The panels inherit the callbacks functionality from callbacks, most importantly the selection-callback and retract-callback, which are used as the default callbacks for the buttons.

The items functionality of button panel is inherited from collection. Typically you just use the initarg :items to specify the items, but in principle you can set the items dynamically. The other important functionality from collection is the print-function to define the strings that are displayed in the buttons.

Accessing the state of the buttons in check-button-panel and radio-button-panel is done by the selection functionality that is defined on choice. For example, making a check-button-panel with four buttons and the last is selected, and after two seconds selecting the first and the third:

  (setq cbp
         (make-instance 'capi:check-button-panel
                        :items '(1 2 3 4)
                        :selected-item 4)))
  (sleep 2)
   #'(lambda ()
       (setf (capi:choice-selected-items cbp)
             '(1 3)))))

All the button panel classes inherit from button-panel, which defines all the functionality of button panels. This includes a mechanism for specifying the layout of the buttons, images for the buttons, mnemonics, and also default and Cancel button. It also has an initarg :callbacks to define an individual selection callback for each item.

The function set-button-panel-enabled-items is used dynamically to enable/disable individual items in a panel.

For more control over individual buttons, some (or all) of the items in a panel may be buttons themselves (that is, instances of a subclass of button). The behavior on an item that is actually a button is controlled by accessing the button.

CAPI User Guide and Reference Manual (Macintosh version) - 01 Dec 2021 19:31:19