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Special Operator LOCALLY


locally declaration* form* => result*

Arguments and Values:

Declaration---a declare expression; not evaluated.

forms---an implicit progn.

results---the values of the forms.


Sequentially evaluates a body of forms in a lexical environment where the given declarations have effect.


 (defun sample-function (y)  ;this y is regarded as special
   (declare (special y))                                
   (let ((y t))              ;this y is regarded as lexical
     (list y
           (locally (declare (special y))
             ;; this next y is regarded as special
 (sample-function nil) =>  (T NIL) 
 (setq x '(1 2 3) y '(4 . 5)) =>  (4 . 5)

;;; The following declarations are not notably useful in specific.
;;; They just offer a sample of valid declaration syntax using LOCALLY.
 (locally (declare (inline floor) (notinline car cdr))
          (declare (optimize space))
    (floor (car x) (cdr y))) =>  0, 1

;;; This example shows a definition of a function that has a particular set
;;; of OPTIMIZE settings made locally to that definition.
 (locally (declare (optimize (safety 3) (space 3) (speed 0)))
   (defun frob (w x y &optional (z (foo x y)))
     (mumble x y z w)))
=>  FROB

;;; This is like the previous example, except that the optimize settings
;;; remain in effect for subsequent definitions in the same compilation unit.
 (declaim (optimize (safety 3) (space 3) (speed 0)))
 (defun frob (w x y &optional (z (foo x y)))
   (mumble x y z w))
=>  FROB

Side Effects: None.

Affected By: None.

Exceptional Situations: None.

See Also:



The special declaration may be used with locally to affect references to, rather than bindings of, variables.

If a locally form is a top level form, the body forms are also processed as top level forms. See Section 3.2.3 (File Compilation).

The following X3J13 cleanup issues, not part of the specification, apply to this section:

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