In the previous example our defined interface function
get-cursor-position used the function allocate-foreign-object to allocate memory for an instance of a
POINT structure. This memory is now reserved, with a pointer to its location bound to the variable
location. More detailed information on pointers is available in FLI Pointers. To free the memory associated with the foreign object requires the use of the function free-foreign-object.
There are other methods for dealing with the question of memory management. The following example defines a Lisp function that returns the x and y coordinates of the cursor without permanently tying up memory for structures that are only used once.
(defun current-cursor-position ()
(let ((lppoint (fli:allocate-dynamic-foreign-object
(if (get-cursor-position lppoint)
(values t (fli:foreign-slot-value lppoint 'x)
(fli:foreign-slot-value lppoint 'y))
(values nil 0 0)))))
current-cursor-position the following happens:
get-cursor-positionis called with
GetCursorPoswas successful the function foreign-slot-value is called twice, once to return the value in the
xslot and again to return the value in the
yslot. If the call was unsuccessful then
0 0 nilis returned.
LispWorks Foreign Language Interface User Guide and Reference Manual - 16 Feb 2015