All Manuals > Common Lisp Interface Manager 2.0 User's Guide > Chapter 3 The CLIM Drawing Environment > 3.5 The Transformations Used by CLIM

compose-transformations [Generic Function]

Arguments: transformation1 transformation2

Summary: Returns a transformation that is the mathematical composition of its arguments. Composition is in right-to-left order; that is, the resulting transformation represents the effects of applying the transformation *
transformation2*
followed by the transformation *
transformation1*
.

invert-transformation [Generic Function]

Summary: Returns a transformation that is the inverse of the transformation *
transformation*
. The result of composing a transformation with its inverse is equal to the identity transformation.

If *
transformation*
is singular,
invert-transformation
will signal the
singular-transformation
error, with a named restart that is invoked with a transformation and makes
invert-transformation
return that transformation. This is to allow a drawing application, for example, to use a generalized inverse to transform a region through a singular transformation.

Note that with finite-precision arithmetic there are several low-level conditions that might occur during the attempt to invert a singular or "almost singular" transformation. (These include computation of a zero determinant, floating-point underflow during computation of the determinant, or floating-point overflow during subsequent multiplication.) invert-transformation signals the singular-transformation error for all of these cases.

compose-translation-with-transformation [Function]

Arguments: transformation dx dy

compose-scaling-with-transformation [Function]

Arguments: transformation sx sy ```
&optional
```

origin

compose-rotation-with-transformation [Function]

Arguments: transformation angle ```
&optional
```

origin

Summary: These functions create a new transformation by composing the transformation *
transformation*
with a given translation, scaling, or rotation, respectively. The order of composition is that the translation, scaling, or rotation "transformation" is first, followed by *
transformation*
.

*
dx*
and *
dy*
are as for
make-translation-transformation
. *
sx*
and *
sy*
are as for
make-scaling-transformation
. *
angle*
and *
origin*
are as for
make-rotation-transformation
.

Note that these functions could be implemented by using the various constructors. They are provided because it is common to build up a transformation as a series of simple transformations.

compose-transformation-with-translation [Function]

Arguments: transformation dx dy

compose-transformation-with-scaling [Function]

Arguments: transformation sx sy ```
&optional
```

origin

compose-transformation-with-rotation [Function]

Arguments: transformation angle ```
&optional
```

origin

Summary: These functions create a new transformation by composing a given translation, scaling, or rotation, respectively, with the transformation *
transformation*
. The order of composition is *
transformation*
first, followed by the translation, scaling, or rotation "transformation."

*
dx*
and *
dy*
are as for
make-translation-transformation
. *
sx*
and *
sy*
are as for
make-scaling-transformation
. *
angle*
and *
origin*
are as for
make-rotation-transformation
.

Note that these functions could be implemented by using the various constructors and compose-transformations . They are provided because it is common to build up a transformation as a series of simple transformations.

The following three functions are no different than using with-drawing-options with the :transformation keyword argument supplied. However, they are sufficiently useful that they are provided as a convenience to programmers.

In order to preserve referential transparency, these three forms apply the translation, rotation, or scaling transformation first, then the rest of the transformation from ```
(medium-transformation
```

```
medium
```

```
)
```

. That is, the following two forms would return the same transformation (assuming that the medium's transformation in the second example is the identity transformation):

(compose-transformations

(make-translation-transformation`dx`

`dy`

)

` (make-rotation-transformation ``angle`

))

(with-translation (`medium`

`dx`

`dy`

)

(with-rotation (`medium`

`angle`

)

` (medium-transformation ``medium`

)))

with-translation [Macro]

Arguments: (medium dx dy) ```
&body
```

body

Summary: Establishes a translation on the medium *
medium*
that translates by *
dx*
in the *
x*
direction and *
dy*
in the *
y*
direction, and then executes *
body*
with that transformation in effect.

*
dx*
and *
dy*
are as for
make-translation-transformation
.

The *
medium*
argument is not evaluated, and must be a symbol that is bound to a sheet or medium. If *
medium*
is
t
,
*standard-output*
is used. *
body*
may have zero or more declarations as its first forms.

with-scaling [Macro]

Arguments: (medium sx ```
&optional
```

sy origin) ```
&body
```

body

Summary: Establishes a scaling transformation on the medium *
medium*
that scales by *
sx*
in the *
x*
direction and *
sy*
in the *
y*
direction, and then executes *
body*
with that transformation in effect. If *
sy*
is not supplied, it defaults to *
sx*
. If *
origin*
is supplied, the scaling is about that point; if it is not supplied, it defaults to (0, 0).

*
sx*
and *
sy*
are as for
make-scaling-transformation
.

The *
medium*
argument is not evaluated, and must be a symbol that is bound to a sheet or medium. If *
medium*
is
t
,
*standard-output*
is used. *
body*
may have zero or more declarations as its first forms.

with-rotation [Macro]

Arguments: (medium angle ```
&optional
```

origin) ```
&body
```

body

Summary: Establishes a rotation on the medium *
medium*
that rotates by *
angle*
, and then executes *
body*
with that transformation in effect. If *
origin*
is supplied, the rotation is about that point; if it is not supplied, it defaults to (0, 0).

*
angle*
and *
origin*
are as for
make-rotation-transformation
.

The *
medium*
argument is not evaluated, and must be a symbol that is bound to a sheet or medium. If *
medium*
is
t
,
*standard-output*
is used. *
body*
may have zero or more declarations as its first forms.

These two functions also compose a transformation into the current transformation of a stream, but have more complex behavior.

with-local-coordinates [Macro]

Arguments: (medium ```
&optional
```

x y) ```
&body
```

body

Summary: Binds the dynamic environment to establish a local coordinate system on the medium *
medium*
with the origin of the new coordinate system at the position *
(x, y)*
. The "directionality" of the coordinate system is otherwise unchanged. *
x*
and *
y*
are real numbers, and both default to 0.

*
medium*
argument is not evaluated, and must be a symbol that is bound to a sheet or medium. If *
medium*
is
t
,
*standard-output*
is used. *
body*
may have zero or more declarations as its first forms.

with-first-quadrant-coordinates [Macro]

Arguments: (medium ```
&optional
```

x y) ```
&body
```

body

Summary: Binds the dynamic environment to establish a local coordinate system on the medium *
medium*
with the positive *
x*
axis extending to the right and the positive *
y*
axis extending upward, with the origin of the new coordinate system at the position *
(x, y)*
. *
x*
and *
y*
are real numbers, and both default to 0.

*
medium*
argument is not evaluated, and must be a symbol that is bound to a sheet or medium. If *
medium*
is
t
,
*standard-output*
is used. *
body*
may have zero or more declarations as its first forms.

*Common Lisp Interface Manager 2.0 User's Guide - 3 Mar 2015*