Streams can be defined for input only, output only, or both. In our example, the
class needs to be able to read from a file and write to a file, and we therefore defined it to inherit from an input and an output stream class. We could have defined disjoint classes instead, one inheriting from fundamental-character-input-stream and the other from fundamental-character-output-stream. This would have allowed us to rely on the default methods for the direction predicates.
However, given that we have defined one bi-directional stream class, we must define our own methods for the direction predicates. To allow this, the Common Lisp predicates input-stream-p and output-stream-p
(defmethod input-stream-p ((stream unicode-ls-stream))
(input-stream-p (ls-stream-file-stream stream)))
(defmethod output-stream-p ((stream unicode-ls-stream))
(output-stream-p (ls-stream-file-stream stream)))
The above code allows us to "trampoline" the correct direction predicate functionality from
, using the
accessor we defined previously.