[LISPWORKS][Common Lisp HyperSpec (TM)] [Previous][Up][Next] Input, Output, and Bidirectional Streams

A stream, whether a character stream or a binary stream, can be an input stream (source of data), an output stream (sink for data), both, or (e.g., when ``:direction :probe'' is given to open) neither.

The next figure shows operators relating to input streams.

clear-input  read-byte            read-from-string            
listen       read-char            read-line                   
peek-char    read-char-no-hang    read-preserving-whitespace  
read         read-delimited-list  unread-char                 

Figure 21-2. Operators relating to Input Streams.

The next figure shows operators relating to output streams.

clear-output   prin1            write            
finish-output  prin1-to-string  write-byte       
force-output   princ            write-char       
format         princ-to-string  write-line       
fresh-line     print            write-string     
pprint         terpri           write-to-string  

Figure 21-3. Operators relating to Output Streams.

A stream that is both an input stream and an output stream is called a bidirectional stream. See the functions input-stream-p and output-stream-p.

Any of the operators listed in Figure 21-2 or Figure 21-3 an be used with bidirectional streams. In addition, the next figure hows a list of operators that relate specificaly to bidirectional streams.

y-or-n-p  yes-or-no-p    

Figure 21-4. Operators relating to Bidirectional Streams.

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