5.1 About multitasking
make-process. The predicate
processpidentifies such processes. You can use the following functions to find out information about a process, as described by the function names:
process-initial-arguments process-initial-function process-interruptions process-name process-plistAt any point during its execution, a process is in a particular state, and this state changes as the process runs. The state of a process contains such information as the following:
The following functions provide information about the state of a process:
process-active-p process-alive-p process-in-the-debugger-p process-state process-whostate show-processesThe Multitasking Facility has a scheduler that uses state information to stop a process and restart it later without changing the results of the execution.
In order to distribute processing time among several processes, the scheduler must suspend one process while another process runs. The scheduler lets each process run for a certain small, fixed period of time, which is called the scheduling quantum. If the process runs for the duration of the scheduling quantum, the scheduler interrupts process execution, saves the state of the process, restores the state of the next available process, and allows that process to run. When all of the active processes have been scheduled, a scheduler cycle is complete.
If there are no processes that need to run, the scheduler informs the operating system to block the Lisp process; that is, it runs the idle process.
The following constructs are used when constructing, manipulating, and scheduling processes:
activate-process deactivate-process interrupt-process kill-process make-process restart-process process-resume-functions process-suspend-functions using-initial-io with-interruptions-allowed with-interruptions-inhibited with-scheduling-allowed with-scheduling-inhibited
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